State of Engineering for Global Development - Asia

Engineering for Global Development (EGD) is a growing field in which technology and design are utilized to support communities around the world and improve quality of life. This report attempts to comprehensively highlight the many programs and professors dedicated to this work in Asia with the intention to further connect and understand the state of EGD related programs across the continent. It is our goal that this report will be used by students interested in pursuing EGD opportunities and members of institutions hoping to connect, collaborate, and share knowledge. (2020)

State of Engineering for Global Development – Asia

Engineering for Global Development (EGD) – EGD is an interdisciplinary practice that aims to improve the quality of life of underserved communities worldwide through the design and delivery of technology-based solutions combined with local capacity-building. To do this effectively, practitioners must integrate their technical training with an understanding of economics, entrepreneurship, social science and politics to benefit people living in poverty. Engineering education programs that support this definition are found at many institutions throughout Asia. Program-specific aims and goals may be broader or further specialized than the definition presented here. Likewise, terminologies and titles vary – such as “appropriate technology”, “rural technology”, “rural development”, “sustainable engineering”, “indigenous engineering”, “jugaad Innovation”, “innovation center”, “incubation center”, “design for development”, “design for incubation”, “social innovation” or “development design”; among others. Regardless of a lack of terminology-consensus in this field, this report includes those programs that E4C has identified as supporting a generalized and overarching definition of EGD.


Results from our exploration in 2020 show that 19 higher-educational institutions in the subset of Asian countries now offer a variety of EGD opportunities for students through curricular, co curricular and extra-curricular programs and research. From these 19 institutions, the following number of EGD-related programs are available:

● Undergraduate degree: 0 institutions
● Graduate degree (masters): 8 institutions
● Graduate degree (PhD): 7 institutions
● Courses:14
● Research: 19 institutions
● Experiential opportunities: 28 institutions

The programs included in this report range in size, sector of interest, and opportunities available. The number of programs is continuing to grow and is gathering pace. These opportunities not only prepare students for future careers in EGD, but also allow students to develop engineering design, teamwork, and project management skills. EGD teaching in universities often focuses on a collaborative approach in their relationships and partnerships with developing communities and economies. There remain several opportunities for curricular EGD program growth and development in Asia. Of the 18 institutions included in this report, only five currently offer bachelors or masters degrees in related fields. Additionally, many institutions offer introductory and capstone classes, but lack vertical integration within their EGD programs leading to curricular gaps for students in their second and third year. Institutions with EGD programs have the opportunity to provide a context for engineering to teach the necessary skills and competencies that have not traditionally been included in engineering curriculum, which will ultimately prepare the next generation of engineers to innovate for the benefit of the common good.


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