Vivienda Minga Valpo
Vivienda Minga Valpo is a permanent house for disaster relief that uses pallets, straw and soil.
Vivienda Minga Valpo is a permanent house design that uses pallets, straw and soil in an old technique known as “Quincha” in South America. Three units were constructed after a fire episode that affected Valparaiso in 2014. Voluntee
~3680 USD(2.500.000 CLP) converted on June 2019
Dwellers affected by the fire in Valparaíso, Chile.
The building design was developed by Minga Valpo architects team in Valparaíso (Chile) for three different families that lost their houses after a fire episode in 2014. It was constructed using dwellers and volunteer labor led by the architects team.
All the material used came from donations. Volunteer and dwellers labor were led by architects team from Minga Valpo.
Indication of whether design can be replicated in multiple locations
Number of individuals. 1 family = 5 persons.
Number of days from start of construction to completion
Surface area of footprint
Number of occupiable floors (ground floor only = 1)
Primary materials used
Composite estimated R-value
As calculated by designer
As calculated by designer
Based upon primary structural system as per the International Building Code
Based upon Structural Occupancy Category and soil conditions of site; as per the International Building Code
List of suitable climates for use of this design
The building uses an old construction technique known as “quincha” in South America. Minga Valpo team used “quincha” for the walls made with pallets (wood frame), straw and soil. All materials are easily found localy and were used to build all the walls of the three houses. The roof is made of corrugated metal panel. The house measures 36m².
The building can be maintained by local labor with earth construction experience.
Local materials used in construction can be replaced if needed.
A well-constructed and maintained quincha building can last decades.
Energy efficiency, recycled materials, adaptability
Builders should wear appropriate protective equipment such as hardhats, gloves and safety glasses while working to protect against physical injury commonly associated with heavy construction.
Jorquera Silva, N., 2014, Aprendiendo del Patrimonio Vernáculo: tradición e innovación en el uso de la quincha en la Arquitectura Chilena. Revista de Arquitectura V.20 N.29, Universidad de Chile.
Marín, S., 2019, Mercado Puerto Valparaiso (MPV): modelo de gestión cooperativa para la regeneración de la identidad barrial dentro del área portuaria del Sitio del Patrimonio Mundial en Valparaiso, Chile. Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
Valparaiso Masterplan: Normativa Nº 2013 del 1981
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