Updated on October 2, 2018


Created on September 17, 2018


Upcoming Update

Bhungroo is a product that harvests excess water from floods or storms. It stores existing water in the soil and responds to natural environmental conditions.

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Product Description

Bhungroo is a product developed by Naireeta services to address waterlogging and draught problems in farmers fields. Bhungroo is a term in colloquial Gujarati meaning a straw or hollow pipe. During monsoon, Bhungroo is used to harvest the excess water available during storms and waterlogging.
It is an efficient rain water conservation technology by use of pipes of 10 to 15 cm in diameter. During monsoon this technology injects, filters and stores the excess amount of water in a subsurface zone and then it can be made available for use during lean periods or draught. It requires a surface space of only 1 square meter and takes care of 1 to 4 million liters of water each year.

Manufacturing/Building Method

Built on site upon request of property owner. Made from locally available materials.

Intellectural Property Type

Open Source

User Provision Model

Users can get the product by contacting Naireeta Services. Implementation of Bhungroo by government initiatives like Mahila Krishi Sinchayee Program of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act program make the product available to very poor farmers.

Distributions to Date Status

3617+ Bhungroos are installed including NSPL and government initiatives projects.

Design Specifications

Bhungroo consists of a 10 to 15 cm diameter pipe injected into the underground subsurface of the soil at a depth of 130m. In order to function properly, water needs to be at a 4-inch height at its suction level. Along with that, it includes a filtration chamber.

Technical Support

Technical support is provided by NPSL Enterprise. They are engaging and equipping women from low income areas to work as agriculture and irrigation consultants for small scale farmers.

Replacement Components

Replacement components are provided by manufacturer and include the following: Interview with representative

  • Fentilation system
  • Foreign body protection system
  • Filtration system as per government norms.


Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

Performance Targets:

  • Productivity to more than 25 acres of land
  • Low capital investment that pays off its cost in less than two years

Vetted Performance Status

Performance of Bhungroo was vetted by performing a field test at Jagsi, Kpasenkpe, and Weisi. The performance results are shown below:

Bhungroo Site Depth (m)  Yield (m3/min) Static Water Level (m) Recovery time (minutes)
Jagsi 32.5 0.075 7.1 55
Kpasenkpe 38.92 0.075 10.0 60
Weisi 18 0.060 6.7 120



Complementary Technical Systems

Complementary irrigation systems that could be used with Bhungroo are a pump for lifting water from the Bhungroo, overhead tank for on-site water storage and distribution, and a drip or sprinkler irrigation system for applying water to crops.

Academic Research and References

Owusu, S.; Cofie, O. O.; Osei-Owusu, P. K.; Awotwe-Pratt, V.; Mul, M. L., 2017, Adapting aquifer storage and recovery technology to the flood-prone areas of northern Ghana for dry-season irrigation. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). 35p. (IWMI Working Paper 176).

Compliance with regulations

Bhungroo follows CGWB standards. Interview with representative

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