Updated on March 1, 2024


Created on July 30, 2019

Abari Transitional Classroom

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Abari Transitional Classroom is a design for a temporary classroom that uses local and salvaged materials in post-disaster environments.

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Product Description

Abari Transitional Classroom was created by Abari in response to the earthquake that affected Nepal in April of 2015. It is provided through a complete open-source guide that aims to promote Owner Driven Reconstruction (ODR), a participatory model that places homeowners at the center of reconstruction through decisions on designs, site selection, and materials. The building techniques are tailored to local environments and resilient to environmental hazards. The project uses local and salvaged materials and considers local knowledge and technology. The components required are bamboo, ropes, GI wire, sand, cement, and aggregate.

Market Suggested Retail Price


Distributors / Implementing Organizations

This product aims to promote "Owner Driven Reconstruction". In Nepal, it has been implemented in partnership with local governments, the army, and communities. Partnerships with organizations such as Learning PlanetTents for Nepal, Karmi Initiatives, and Herb Nepal have also been established in order to raise funds.

Manufacturing/Building Method

This product is mass produced in regions of Nepal affected by earthquakes in 2015. These regions include Gorkha, Prabhat, Bagwati, Balajoti. It has been implemented in partnership with the local governments, police and army, and with the support of humanitarian organizations.

Intellectural Property Type

Select Type

User Provision Model

Users can obtain the building guide online from Abari and construct it using local material and workforce. Usually, the product is provided by local governments in partnership with humanitarian organizations.

Distributions to Date Status

The exact number is unknown, however Abari estimates that around 200 have been implemented in regions of Nepal since 2015.

Unique Design (Yes/No)


Intended number of occupants (#)


Duration of construction (days)


Footprint area (m²)


Number of storeys


Material composition

Bamboo, GI wire, rope, canvas, sand and cement

Flammable flash point temperature (ºC)


Thermal insulating capacity (m²*K/W)


Maximum wind speed (km/h)


Structural Occupancy Category


Seismic Design Category

Bamboo has a high seismic resistance due to its flexibility.

Suitable Climates

Temperate, tropical

Design Specifications

Abari Transitional Classroom is a temporary classroom building measuring 6.7 x 4.5 m (~ 30 m²). It uses mostly local and easily found materials to be built. The foundation and floor are made with cement, sand and aggregate. Structure is made of bamboo which is tied together with rope and GI wire. The roof/shade is afixed to the structure and ground using stakes and rope.

Product Schematics

Technical Support

The building can be maintained by local labor with general construction experience.

Replacement Components

All the components such as coverage, structure and flooring can be replaced using local materials.


Abari Transitional Classroom is a temporary building that has an expected lifetime of 2 years.

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

Low-cost and fast implementation for disaster response.

Vetted Performance Status



Builders should wear appropriate protective equipment such as hardhats, gloves and safety glasses while working to protect against physical injury commonly associated with heavy construction.

Complementary Technical Systems

Electricity, sanitation and water complementary technical system can be required.

Academic Research and References

Adhikary, N, 2016, Vernacular architecture in post-earthquake Nepal, International Journal of Environmental Studies

Compliance with regulations

This design does not specifically comply with any international or country-specific regulations.

Other Information

Crowdfunding campaigns were organized by Tents do Nepal to raise funds. Abari Report: Rebuilding Nepal with bamboo and earth

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