Abari Transitional Shelter
Abari Transitional Shelter is a temporary structure built from local and salvaged materials in post-disaster environments.
ABARI Transitional Shelter design was created by ABARI in response to the earthquake that affected Nepal in April of 2015. It is provided through a complete open source guide that aims to promote Owner Driven Reconstruction (ODR), a participatory model that places homeowners at the center of reconstruction process through decisions on designs, site selection and materials. The building techniques are tailored to local environments and resilient to environmental hazards. The building of eighteen square meters uses local and salvaged materials, and considers local knowledge and technology. The components required are bamboo or wood, CGI sheets, GI wire, nails, sand and cement aggregate.
Since the Earthquake of 2015 (also known as the Gorkha earthquake) struck Nepal, the Transitional Shelter has been built in numerous locations around the country.
This product aims to promote “Owner Driven Reconstruction”. In Nepal it has been implemented by Abari in partnership with local governments and communities. It was also implemented in partnership with the humanitarian organization Actionaid.
~300 USD (33,535 NPR) Converted on May 30, 2019
Target users include individuals in disaster affected areas and remote settlements. Target buyers include humanitarian organizations and governments.
This product has been mass produced in regions of Nepal affected by earthquakes in 2015. It has been implemented through partnerships with the local governments, communities, and with the support of humanitarian organizations such as Actionaid. The construction work is done by the inhabitants themselves.
Users can obtain the building guide online from ABARI and construct it using local material and workforce, since it employs a Owner Driven Reconstruction (ODR) provision model. Usually, the product is provided by local governements in partnership with humanitarian organizations.
The exact number is unknown, however ABARI estimates that more than 2000 have been implemented in regions of Nepal since 2015.
Indication of whether design can be replicated in multiple locations
Number of individuals. 1 family = 5 persons.
Number of days from start of construction to completion
Surface area of footprint
Number of occupiable floors (ground floor only = 1)
Primary materials used
Composite estimated R-value
As calculated by designer
As calculated by designer
Based upon primary structural system as per the International Building Code
Based upon Structural Occupancy Category and soil conditions of site; as per the International Building Code
List of suitable climates for use of this design
The shelter measures approximately 3.7 x 4.8 m ( ~ 18 m²) and requires mostly local and easily found materials to be built. The foundation is made of stones with cement aggregate. The structure is made of bamboo or wood and assembled with nails or GI wire. The roof is made of corrugated galvanized iron which is nailed to the structure. Wood, bamboo, dried grass or any other available material can be used to build the walls. Specifications advise not to use any metals in the south wall for best environmental comfort.
Users can find the complete guide online: How-to-Build-a-Transitional-Shelter_ABARI_2
The building can be maintained by local labor with general construction experience.
All components can be replaced using local materials.
The transitional shelter has an expected lifetime of 2 years which is the necessary time to inhabitants built their owns permanent houses. The shelter can also be used for storage.
Low-cost and fast implementation for disaster response.
Builders should wear appropriate protective equipment such as hardhats, gloves and safety glasses while working to protect against physical injury commonly associated with heavy construction.
Electricity, sanitation and water complementary technical system are required.
Adhikary, N, 2016, Vernacular architecture in post-earthquake Nepal. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 2016.
This design does not specifically comply with any international or country-specific regulations.
Abari Report: Rebuilding Nepal with bamboo and earth
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