IBUKU Pemulung Housing Project
The Pemulung Housing Project is a compound housing designed by IBUKU to create healthy, organized living spaces for garbage collectors in Bali. Each house is a module with main living spaces, a mezzanine sleeping area, and a storage room for recycled materials.
Danone commissioned the Pemulung Housing Project as part of its corporate social responsibility project. It aims to provide healthy, organized housing compounds for pemulung, “waste pickers,” in Bali. Each module has a living space on the first floor, a mezzanine for sleeping, and a storage room for recycled materials. The compound has 18 housing units, several bathrooms, a kitchen, and common areas. It is made out of bamboo and recycled materials. The bamboo is used for walls and flooring, while bottles and Tetra Pak packaging are used in the roofing and insulation.
*Please note that building designs are being included as “products” in the Habitat Sector of the Solutions Library to allow readers to learn from how projects were designed and constructed and how they are serving the occupants, whether effective or ineffective.
Designed and implemented by IBUKU
Pemulung live in other facilities provided by Bandar (“middle-men”).
Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities
People who travel to Denpasar temporarily (in order to increase their income by working as pemulungs)
It is constructed on-site using local bamboo and locally recycled materials.
Building designs generally fall under architectural copyright.
Danone commissioned the project as part of its Pemulung corporate social responsibility project.
N/A because IBUKU Pemulung Housing Project is a unique building design.
Indication of whether design can be replicated in multiple locations
Number of individuals. 1 family = 5 persons.
Number of days from start of construction to completion
Surface area of footprint
Number of occupiable floors (ground floor only = 1)
Primary materials used
Composite estimated R-value
As calculated by designer
As calculated by designer
Based upon primary structural system as per the International Building Code
Based upon Structural Occupancy Category and soil conditions of site; as per the International Building Code
List of suitable climates for use of this design
The construction of the compound required 3500m of bamboo for the floor and walls. The project is made with Petung bamboo, which can be found all over Indonesia. The project also uses recycled material that the pemulung already have access to including Tetra Paks for the roof and insulation, and water bottles for the windows. The techniques used are simple, allowing the users to replicate the design when they move back to their communities.
General contractors or technicians could perform repairs because of the simplicity of the design and the use of local materials.
Individual bamboo sticks, water bottles, and Tetra Pak roof tiles can be replaced individually. The water bottles and tetra packs are readily accessible for the pemulung, who work recollecting such recycled material.
IBUKU’s bamboo is calculated to last a minimum of 25 years.
IBUKU aims to provide a well-organized, healthy space where pemulung can temporarily reside, improving the local population’s opinion of garbage collectors.
IBUKU tests their structures on scaled, handcrafted bamboo models. The company tests the bamboo at labs in Jakarta and Singapore to determine the density and the treatment absorption.
The manufacturer tested the product.
People working on the construction are subjected to the risks it entails; heights, heavy objects, tools, among others.
A complementary technical system could be a solar home system.
IBUKU evaluates its building designs using scaled structural models that are replicated in a computer program and reviewed by their engineers.
The Pemulung Housing Project is part of a larger project empowering Pemulung in Indonesia.
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