Updated on October 1, 2020

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Created on September 2, 2020

Social Tenure Domain Model

Upcoming Update

STDM is a land administration tool designed to protect land tenure.

Developed By Unknown
Content Partners
Unknown

Author

Product Description

STDM is a plugin for the open-source software QGIS. It is a land management tool, designed to provide support in developing countries, where there is scarce land information coverage in poor urban areas, rural areas, or in conflict/disaster emergencies. Its purpose is to represent people-land relationships without legal, technical, or formal constraints.

The tool also allows including documents that support social tenures, such as photographs, videos, sketches, maps, or other documents.

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

Distributors are GLTN and UNHabitat and implementing organizations can be found here.

Manufacturing/Building Method

Software development

Intellectural Property Type

Open Source

User Provision Model

Since STDM is a plugin, it is required to install QGIS before. Instructions for QGIS can be found here and here for the STDM.

Distributions to Date Status

Unknown

Design Specifications

The STDM plugin can be used with Windows, Linux and Mac OS X. The database runs on PostgreSQL and PostGIS, which are also available in the same environments. It allows defining a hierarchy of administrative entities, and giving different permissions according to different roles, generating charts and reports, and designing custom data management forms.

Technical Support

Full list of contacts can be found here, including contacting software developers and user communities.

Replacement Components

N/A

Lifecycle

N/A

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

Improving tenure security in developing countries and conflict/disaster situations.

Vetted Performance Status

In  2018, in Beni, Democratic Republic of Congo, a pilot project was launched covering 3 of 7 cells of one of the 30 neighborhoods of the city, covering an area of 395 hectares with 1485 households/beneficiaries. STDM was successful at mapping and registering 400 parcels. Also, certificates of residence have been issued as a result of STDM application in Kwarasa, Mombasa, Kenya. A more comprehensive understanding of testing/pilot activities can be found at the manufacturer's blog, where several articles reporting activities with testing organizations, and the results are shown.  Countries covered are Zambia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nepal, and others.

Safety

N/A

Complementary Technical Systems

STDM is a free plugin, and it requires the installation of QGIS. It is possible redistributing it, as well as modifying it under the terms of the GNU License.

Academic Research and References

Charisse Griffith, C., 2011, The application of the social tenure domain model (STDM) to family land in Trinidad and Tobago, Land Use Policy Vol. 28(3), pp. 514-522

Lemmen, C., Zevenbergen, J.A., Lengoiboni, M., Deininger, K., Burns, T., 2009, First experiences with High Resolution Imagery Based Adjudication Approach for Social Tenure Domain Model in Ethiopia, Proceedings FIG – World Bank Conference : Land governance in support of the Millennium development goals, responding to new challenges, pp. 9-10, Washington, D.C.

Lemmen, C., Oosterom, P., Bennett, R., 2015, The Land Administration Domain Model, Land Use Policy, Vol. 49, pp. 535-545

Lemmen, C., Oosterom, P., Augustinus, C., Molen, P., 2015, The Social Tenure Domain Model – Design of a First Draft Model, 2015 World Bank conference on land and poverty, The World Bank – Washington DC, March, pp. 23-27

Mwanyungu, B., Kuria, D., Gachari, M., Makokha, G., Odongo, M., 2017, Development of an informal cadastre using social tenure domain model (STDM): A case study in Kwarasi informal settlement scheme Mombasa, Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, Vol. 10(10), pp. 278-288

Compliance with regulations

N/A

Other Information

N/A

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