Social Tenure Domain Model
Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)
STDM is a land administration tool designed to protect land tenure.
STDM is a plugin for the open-source software QGIS. It is a land management tool, designed to provide support in developing countries, where there is scarce land information coverage in poor urban areas, rural areas, or in conflict/disaster emergencies. Its purpose is to represent people-land relationships without legal, technical, or formal constraints.
The tool also allows including documents that support social tenures, such as photographs, videos, sketches, maps, or other documents.
Conventional land administration systems or community based maps
Inhabitants who do not have legal land tenure in developing countries.
Type of visuals supported (maps, charts, heat maps, layers, other)
Resource management, M&E, survey for project manegement (baseline, midline, and endline), household surveys for Health, Ag, financial inclusion, water, education,other, academic research survey, impact evaluations, market research, other (specify)
Specify the type of data collected by this service [Text, Numbers, Multimedia (Photos, video, audio, etc), Location, Other]
Mobile app data collection, remote sensing, government census data, etc.
Is the data from this application available?
Supported formats (JSON, XLS, CSV, KML, XML, other)
Telecommunication service required for the product/service to work (Mobile data, SMS, voice, Internet, Other)
Devices required for the product/service to work. (smartphone ,feature phone, computer, tablet, other [specify])
The STDM plugin can be used with Windows, Linux and Mac OS X. The database runs on PostgreSQL and PostGIS, which are also available in the same environments.
It allows defining a hierarchy of administrative entities, and giving different permissions according to different roles, generating charts and reports, and designing custom data management forms.
Full list of contacts can be found here, including contacting software developers and user communities.
Improving tenure security in developing countries and conflict/disaster situations.
In 2018, in Beni, Democratic Republic of Congo, a pilot project was launched covering 3 of 7 cells of one of the 30 neighborhoods of the city, covering an area of 395 hectares with 1485 households/beneficiaries. STDM was successful at mapping and registering 400 parcels.
Also, certificates of residence have been issued as a result of STDM application in Kwarasa, Mombasa, Kenya.
A more comprehensive understanding of testing/pilot activities can be found at the manufacturer’s blog, where several articles reporting activities with testing organizations, and the results are shown. Countries covered are Zambia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nepal, and others.
Different NGOs and governmental institutions have tested STDM, examples include the Government of Zambia, People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia (PPHPZ) and DRC’s government. More information can be found here.
Charisse Griffith, C., 2011, The application of the social tenure domain model (STDM) to family land in Trinidad and Tobago, Land Use Policy Vol. 28(3), pp. 514-522
Lemmen, C., Zevenbergen, J.A., Lengoiboni, M., Deininger, K., Burns, T., 2009, First experiences with High Resolution Imagery Based Adjudication Approach for Social Tenure Domain Model in Ethiopia, Proceedings FIG – World Bank Conference : Land governance in support of the Millennium development goals, responding to new challenges, pp. 9-10, Washington, D.C.
Lemmen, C., Oosterom, P., Bennett, R., 2015, The Land Administration Domain Model, Land Use Policy, Vol. 49, pp. 535-545
Lemmen, C., Oosterom, P., Augustinus, C., Molen, P., 2015, The Social Tenure Domain Model – Design of a First Draft Model, 2015 World Bank conference on land and poverty, The World Bank – Washington DC, March, pp. 23-27
Mwanyungu, B., Kuria, D., Gachari, M., Makokha, G., Odongo, M., 2017, Development of an informal cadastre using social tenure domain model (STDM): A case study in Kwarasi informal settlement scheme Mombasa, Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, Vol. 10(10), pp. 278-288
Reports of field applications with several organizations can be found here.
In context photographs (0)
You can use the form below to contribute a photo of this product.
In context files & documents (0)
Feedback from users, customers & distributors
Please let us know your experience in using this product through comments below.