P&G Purifier of Water
Procter & Gamble
P&G Purifier of Water is a powdered purification technology in a 4-gram sachet that can clean and disinfect water.
P>M Purifier of Water (formerly known as PUR) is a single packet of powder which contains both coagulants and chlorine to disinfect and dramatically reduce the turbidity of 10 liters of water. When mixed with water, first the coagulant allows suspended particles to join together and settle at the bottom of the container which can be easily filtered out by filtering the water through a cloth. Then, timed chlorine release kills remaining pathogens. The whole process takes 30 minutes and the treated water contains residual free chlorine to protect against recontamination.
Global; including 65 countries
NGOs and Global Implementing Partners
Gadyen Dlo from Deep Springs International, WaterGuard tablets, chlorine tablets and solution.
Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
Households using contaminated drinking water sources and emergency relief situations.
Manufactured by P>M
Over 600 million packets of P>M have been distributed in more than 65 countries.
Two main ingredients: calcium hypochlorite (a chlorine disinfectant) and ferric sulfate (an iron salt coagulant).
Instructions for use: Add the contents of one packet to 10 liters of water and stir vigorously for 5 minutes. Let the water settle for 5 minutes. Once the water becomes clear and the flocs have settled to the bottom, filter the water through a cotton cloth. Allow the water to sit for an additional 20 minutes for the chlorine to fully disinfect.
The product must be used within 3 years of manufacture.
One packet treats 10 liters of water.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) demonstrated >99.9999% removal of pathogenic bacteria, >99.99% kill of viruses, and >99.9% removal of parasites including Giardia and Cryptosporidium.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), US EPA, University of Michigan
To prevent ingestion, do not open the packet with teeth. If swallowed, contact poison control center and sip on a glass of water for 15 – 20 minutes. If in eye, rinse eyes thoroughly with water for 15-20 minutes. If on skin, remove contaminated clothing and rinse skin with water for 15 – 20 minutes.
Filtering through cotton cloth assists in reduction of turbidity.
P&G Purifier of Water: A Handbook for Use in Emergency Relief, (2013); Mexico Clean Water Team
Blanton E, Ombeki S et al., (2010) Evaluation of the Role of School Children in the Promotion of Point-of-Use Water Treatment and Handwashing in Schools and Households-Nyanza Province, Western Kenya 2007; Amercian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82(4), 2010, pp. 664–671
Shannon Doocy and Gilbert Burnham, (2006) Point-of-use water treatment and diarrhea reduction in the emergency context: an effectiveness trial in Liberia; Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol.11 NO IO PP 1542-1552, October 2006
Greg Allgood, Safe drinking water for the most vulnerable; Journal Compilation International Council of Nurses. 2009.
Paul J. Matts and Terence J. Ryan, Water and the skin: Skin carers collaborate with industry in the new initiative and humanitarian drive, Community Dermatology. 2012.
Complies with US EPA standards for safe drinking water.
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