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November 25, 2011
Finished! A construction manual for an open-source, low-cost screw-cutting lathe
contributor: Rob Goodier
Update October 22, 2015: Pat Delany has plans for a combined concrete lathe and multimachine. He is asking for volunteers to build the machine and document the progress to make a construction manual. See his post in our Community pages for details: Concrete Lathe & Multimachine Project.
Update December 2, 2011: We knew the lathe manual would see updates, but we didn’t suspect it would be so soon (!). We’ve changed the links to point to the most recent version.
The duo behind the Yeoman’s concrete lathe for the 21st century has completed an illustrated construction guide (pdf). Pat Delany, an early-comer to E4C, has championed this technology as a low-cost tool built from cement and scrap metal to equip machine shops for a fraction of the price of commercial lathes. Delany teamed with another E4C member, Tyler Disney, who lent his drafting expertise to the project. The two of them have produced this essential manual, and we’re proud to have been a part of the process.
As ever with open source projects, Delany points out, this is a work in progress. We can contribute to the manual by making suggestions on the lathe project’s workspace. Delany also maintains an online home for the lathe at this Yahoo group, and it has a wiki here. Also, Disney invites us to tinker with the latest version of the Sketchup model and send him our ideas.
The history and future of the machine shop
In the fall of 1917, the United States had declared war on Germany and found its factories better suited for Model T’s than howitzers. The country needed to rev its production engines to make ordnance as quickly as possible. Gun boring and shell shaping, however, required precise, hand- made iron lathes fashioned by journeymen metal workers. Creating the machines needed to create the war machines would take months. Then, an inventor named Lucien Yeomans patented a method for building lathes designed for specific tasks using concrete, pre-fabricated metal and jigs to precisely place the parts. The process eliminated the need for highly skilled handwork, reduced production time by months and costs by so much that the new machines were considered disposable. According to Shannon DeWolfe, Yeoman’s biographer, that lathe was instrumental in the Allies’ success in the war. But the design has fallen into the cracks of history and is no longer in use.
Now, Pat Delany, inventor of the Multimachine, is working to revive Yeomans’ technology and put it to more peaceful use in developing countries. This time, though, there are no patents. The design is public, using online collaboration tools and open-source software. Delany’s team is nearing completion of a construction manual for a Yeomans-inspired screw-cutting lathe built with concrete and scrap metal. The goals are two-fold: affordability and precision. And the hope is that these lathes will soon churn out parts for tools and machines, including complex parts such as those that compose engines, pumps, and even other lathes.
From the construction guide
This is the concise explanation of the lathe from the new construction guide itself.
The Multimachine Open Source lathe project
- The basic machine tool, the basis for any manufacturing or industrial production
- An almost free metal lathe, drill and milling machine
- Accurate, and scalable to almost any size
- Most technology proven for almost 100 years
- Easily made from scrap, steel bar and concrete mix
- Built with common hand tools, a drill and a few small welds
- Simple screw cutting without gears
- Easily converted to drilling and milling
For more information