Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX)
Market actors, Members of the Exchange, and the Government of Ethiopia
The Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX) is a national multi-commodity exchange in Ethiopia that brings together buyers and sellers of agricultural commodities.
The Ethiopian Commodity Exchange is a commodities exchange in Ethiopia that trades in agricultural goods such as sesame, coffee, white and red nuts, and other pulses. It seeks to provide a unified market for goods in Ethiopia.
The exchange’s goal is to provide a transparent commodity market in Ethiopia. It operates a central market with satellite offices, a system of warehouses and processing facilities that enable farmers or co-ops to deliver a commodity, grade that commodity, monitor prices, sell the product at the market, and receive payments.
Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX)
Users include farmers, Primary Market, and Co-operatives.
ECX – Membership has many different types of users. Information to apply for either a client or limited membership is available on the membership page.
Members and clients are active in the market. They also have a number of registered buyers.
There are also the interactions of the farmers and co-ops that are utilizing the market information for crop planning, inventory, and prices.
Since 2015, the SMS service currently processes over 800,000 transactions per month while the IVR receives over 1 million calls/month.
Connectivity requirement for the product/service to work (Mobile Internet, SMS, voice, Fixed Internet, Wi-Fi, etc)
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Usage rate for the app/voice-SMS service – to be determined if the manufacturers are willing to share this number.
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Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) was created with the purpose of establishing a transparent commodity market for agricultural goods in Ethiopia. It started with a system to control the process from the farmers to export, where warehouses were established to sample, weigh, and grade commodities and issue goods received note. The warehouse and quality operations have been spun off into a separate operation Ethiopian Agricultural Commodities Warehousing Service Enterprise with the goal of focusing on modernizing the market platform and ensure the quality of commodities.
In order to provide access to market information, ECX utilizes a diverse mix of communication methods. These include rural-based Market Information Tickers, mobile phone Short Messaging Service (SMS), Interactive Voice Response (IVR) service, Mass media (TV, Radio, Newspaper), and online market information.
In 2015 ECX rolled out its e-trading platform allowing for more transactions and enabling members to make secure trades from anywhere. In order to provide more transparency in the sourcing of commodities, ECX introduced a national traceability system (eATTS) to help track the footprint of the products.
Provided by ECX.
ECX seeks to connect all buyers and sellers in an efficient, reliable, and transparent market.
Hernandez et al, concludes that despite glowing reviews of ECX, it has little impact on the Ethiopian coffee price dynamics. They conclude that this is due to the fact that Ethiopia already had a well-functioning coffee market and that the efficiency that it introduced may be outweighed by the cost and regulation of the market.
Francesconi and Heerink’s research shows that while disputes still exist, the formation of ECX has reduced disputes over renegotiation with suppliers.
Meijerink et al, found while there is significant potential to reduce poverty, there is the risk that access to the market was more advantageous to the larger scale farmers with easier access to resources than smallholder farmers and risked furthering the divide. They recommended that policy should be instantiated to ensure access by smallholder farmers and co-ops was enabled by the market.
Food Policy Research Institute, LEI Wageningen UR and Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR).
Hernandez, M., Rashid, S., Lemma, S., Kuma, T., 2017, Market Institutions and Price Relationships: The Case of Coffee in the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2017;99(3):683–704.
Francesconi, G., Heerink, N., 2010, Ethiopian Agricultural Cooperatives in an Era of Global Commodity Exchange: Does Organisational Form Matter? Journal of African Economies. 2010;20(1):153–177.
Meijerink, G., Bulte, E., Alemu, D., 2014, Formal institutions and social capital in value chains: The case of the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange. Food Policy. 2014;49:1–12.
ECX was founded under Ethiopia Commodity Exchange Proclamation (No. 550 of 2007).
The Exchange is evaluated by the volume and value of goods transacted through the platform.
Ted Talks about the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange.
- Eleni Gabre-Madhin – Ted talk “A commodities exchange for Ethiopia”
- Building a big, bold, beautiful market | Eleni Gabre-Madhin | TEDxWBG
- International Food Policy Research Institute report
- Rockefeller/Oxfam ECX brochure
- EMCompass – Creating Agricultural Markets: How the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange Connects Farmers and Buyers through Partnership and Technology
- IFPRI Discussion Paper – Purpose and Potential for Commodity Exchanges in African Economies
- ICAE – The Ethiopian Commodity Exchange and the coffee market: Are local prices more integrated to global markets?
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