Gando Primary School
Francis Kéré Architecture
The Gando Primary School was designed by Francis Kéré Architect in Burkina Faso.
The Gando Primary School was designed by Kéré architecture for a rural community in Burkina Faso. It was designed taking into account cost, climate, resources, and constructibility. It was designed by Kéré Architecture, and the clients were the community on which it is built and the Kéré Foundation. For the project, local materials such as clay and tin metal roofs, were used with some technical adjustments. For instance, a mix of clay and concrete was used to create structurally sound bricks. In addition, the metal roof is placed separated from the main school structure to avoid overheating.
The product was implemented by Kéré Architecture via the Kéré Foundation.
Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.
Targeted users include the primary-school aged children the teachers, and the local community of Gando.
The school was designed and built mainly using a local material, clay, for the enclosure. The enclosing walls are made with a mixture of clay and cement for added strength. The bricks were cast in situ. The villagers are said to have participated in the building process: the children gathered the stones to be used for the foundation, and the woman brought water for making the clay bricks
The building was designed and built by Kéré Architecture sponsored by the Kéré Foundation.
The building is a site-specific design. Only one school has been built with exactly the same characteristics. However, the architects are currently working on building the Gando Primary School Library in the vicinity, using similar design strategies.
Indication of whether design can be replicated in multiple locations
Number of individuals. 1 family = 5 persons.
Number of days from start of construction to completion
Surface area of footprint
Number of occupiable floors (ground floor only = 1)
Primary materials used
Composite estimated R-value
As calculated by designer
As calculated by designer
Based upon primary structural system as per the International Building Code
Based upon Structural Occupancy Category and soil conditions of site; as per the International Building Code
List of suitable climates for use of this design
The design utilizes traditional construction materials from the area with some technical adjustments for improved efficiency. The classroom blocks are made with a brick cast in situ with clay, concrete, and an aggregate. The bricks provide thermal protection against heat, and are easy to fabricate. The design of the school targets good daylight and ventilation. Typical constructions in the area utilize metal roofs, which can receive enormous amounts of radiation from the sun and create overheating. Thus, the design proposes a roof that is detached from the main building block, on top of a clay roof made with bricks. The separation allows for improved ventilation and thermal comfort
Provided by the manufacturer.
Bricks that make the building envelope are made on site with local materials, and thus, could be replaced
The designer has specified as performance targets: improved ventilation, thermal comfort, low cost.
No testing has been completed
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