Updated on December 6, 2022


Created on October 27, 2022

Gando Primary School

Upcoming Update

The Gando Primary School was designed by Francis Kéré Architect in Burkina Faso.

Developed By Unknown

Product Description

The Gando Primary School was designed by Kéré architecture for a rural community in Burkina Faso. It was designed taking into account cost, climate, resources, and constructibility. It was designed by Kéré Architecture, and the clients were the community on which it is built and the Kéré Foundation. For the project, local materials such as clay and tin metal roofs, were used with some technical adjustments. For instance, a mix of clay and concrete was used to create structurally sound bricks. In addition, the metal roof is placed separated from the main school structure to avoid overheating.

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

The product was implemented by Kéré Architecture via the  Kéré Foundation

Manufacturing/Building Method

The school was designed and built mainly using a local material, clay, for the enclosure.  The enclosing walls are made with a mixture of clay and cement for added strength. The bricks were cast in situ. The villagers are said to have participated in the building process: the children gathered the stones to be used for the foundation, and the woman brought water for making the clay bricks

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

The building was designed and built by Kéré Architecture sponsored by the Kéré Foundation

Distributions to Date Status

The building is a site-specific design. Only one school has been built with exactly the same characteristics. However, the architects are currently working on building the Gando Primary School Library in the vicinity, using similar design strategies.

Unique Design (Yes/No)


Intended number of occupants (#)


Duration of construction (days)

Unknown (finished in 2001)

Footprint area (m²)


Number of storeys


Material composition

Clay, cement, stones, metal

Flammable flash point temperature (ºC)


Thermal insulating capacity (m²*K/W)


Maximum wind speed (km/h)


Structural Occupancy Category


Seismic Design Category


Suitable Climates

Tropical climate

Design Specifications

The design utilizes traditional construction materials from the area with some technical adjustments for improved efficiency. The classroom blocks are made with a brick cast in situ with clay, concrete, and an aggregate. The bricks provide thermal protection against heat, and are easy to fabricate. The design of the school targets good daylight and ventilation. Typical constructions in the area utilize metal roofs, which can receive enormous amounts of radiation from the sun and create overheating. Thus, the design proposes a roof that is detached from the main building block, on top of a clay roof made with bricks. The separation allows for improved ventilation and thermal comfort

Technical Support

Provided by the manufacturer.

Replacement Components

 Bricks that make the building envelope are made on site with local materials, and thus, could be replaced



Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

The designer has specified as performance targets: improved ventilation, thermal comfort, low cost.

Vetted Performance Status

No testing has been completed



Complementary Technical Systems


Academic Research and References

Kéré, D., 2012, School in Gando, Burkina Faso, Architectural design 82 (6): 66-71.

Flannery, John A., and Karen M. Smith, 2014,  Gando School and Library, Eco-library design, pp. 40-47. Springer, Dordrecht.

Compliance with regulations


Other Information


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