Grundfos AQtap is a water distribution interface that provides a platform for revenue collection and online management of water resources. The system uses WaterCards for users to purchase and store water credits, delivering water in 1-liter increments. Cards can be loaded via a water vendor or by mobile phone payment. Power is supplied from the grid or from solar panels and has a backup battery capable of 250 tappings. The AQtap provides a mechanism to expand water kiosk operations while maintaining accountability and transparency.
Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda
SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
Target Users (Target Impact Group)
Community, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
Distributors / Implementing Organizations
Grundfos has several international offices and websites are available by clicking “global” on the website.
Mass produced by Grundfos manufacturing.
Intellectural Property Type
User Provision Model
Customers purchase products directly from the manufacturer.
Distributions to Date Status
Description of system
Integrated treatment (yes/no)
System flow rate (L/min)
Maximum number of customers served
Compatible water sources
Groundwater or treated surface water
Grundfos AQTap has a tamper-protected design. The product has a direct flow sensor to detect leakages, valve and flow restrictor to ensure stable flow, and a wireless smart card technology for revenue collection. The water management system logs all water data and credit transactions. More details available on Grundfos AQTap brochure.
Installation and operating instructions are available for the standard AQtap and a solar AQtap option.
A comprehensive list of all spare parts includes: battery, antenna, cable, control unit, flow restrictor, flow sensor, hydraulic parts, plug, power supply, strainer, valve, and service suitcase.
Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters
Grundfos aims to have tampering protection and intuitive user interface designed for low-literacy users. The smart cards are designed to withstand harsh environments.
Vetted Performance Status
Safety instructions are detailed in the installation and operating instructions. Link can be found in research & standards.
Complementary Technical Systems
Direct flow sensor provides information on water pressure to detect infrastructure leakage. Treated water delivery system and storage.
Academic Research and References
“Lifelink Water Solutions,” Unfccc.int. Available: https://unfccc.int/climate-action/momentum-for-change/ict-solutions/lifelink-water-solutions
“Grundfos,” Grundfos.com. Available: https://www.grundfos.com/
“eWATERservices,” eWATERservices. Available: https://www.ewater.services
“Goal 6,” Sdgs.un.org. Available: https://sdgs.un.org/goals/goal6
Q. Tap, “AUTOMATED WATER KIOSKS,” Engineeringforchange.org. Available: https://www.engineeringforchange.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Grundfosliterature-5565188.pdf
Engineeringforchange.org. Available: https://www.engineeringforchange.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Grundfosliterature-5585277.pdf
Grundfos, “What is Grundfos Lifelink water solutions?,” 26-Mar-2015. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNdz4V26OGE
“UNFCCC,” Unfccc.int. Available: https://unfccc.int/
Compliance with regulations
From Grundfos AQtap literature: The wetted parts are approved for drinking water by the Water Regulatory Advisory Scheme (WRAS). The GSM communication module is approved by the respective National Telecommunication Authorities. In addition, the AQtap dispenser must be used with water complying with WHO drinking water standards and technical data.
Recipient of the United Nations’ Momentum for Change Lighthouse Activity Award in the ICT category.