According to the mOm website, as of August, 2016, the device is currently in development but in the meantime, mOm is building a global distribution network.
The retail price is unknown but the mOm website states that it is 5% the cost of a standard neonatal incubator. As of August, 2016, the device is currently in development but anyone interested in purchasing the device should contact mOm.
Kangaroo Mother Care (skin to skin contact)
Goal 3: to improve and promote good health.
This product seeks to reduce infant deaths, especially in underserved areas and war or conflict zones. This device aims to regulate temperature and keep babies warm.
- Health care professionals and parents of neonates
- According to the mOm website, as of August, 2016, the device is currently in development but in the meantime, mOm is building a global distribution network. At this time, if anyone is interested in purchasing mOm, they should contact mOm directly.
As of August, 2016, the product is a prototype that is not widely distributed.
mOm claims to be the only known compact and low-cost solution that provides an enclosed micro environment similar to a conventional incubator. This is important to ensure a higher degree of thermoregulation and minimise the risk of infection to the baby. Design specifications provided by designers are as follows:• Compact for ease of storare and transport
• Lightweight – up to 90% less than the weight of a conventional incubator
• Easily cleaned materials and replaceable body intended to minimize infection risk
• Runs on main power and utilizes a rechargeable battery
A video about the device is available on the mOm website.
Experts advise that critical design features include alarms as incubators’ main purpose is thermal regulation, so the newborn can bootstrap weight gain. (ie. nutrition given to the newborn need not be used to keep warm, but for growth/weight gain/making fat deposits – so thermal regulation can become self-sustaining). While hypothermia is the condition everyone aims to avoid, even onset of cold stress is enough to cause damage to the weight gain process, hence early detection of this is necessary. So, frequent alarms that can be customized are necessary. Additionally, the accuracy of temperature display and control are essential. As a rule of thumb, the accepted levels are +/-0.1 deg C. Even to the untrained user, an indicator that the incubator is ON and functioning properly is important.
In incubators, dead-spaces in air circulation pathways are notorious for being culture beds for dangerous bacteria. Consequently, complete disinfection is essential. A related component is the air filter – ease of cleaning / replacement is important, since it is the second favorite place for bacterial growth.
If there is a ‘skin temperature’ control mode, it needs to be specified. The implications of the thermistor (or baby temperature probe) needed to effectively monitor/display (and control in case of skin mode). The whole system breaks down if the thermistor fails and it is not an incubator anymore.
mOm claims to “provide a level of thermoregulation that meets the standards set for conventional incubators.” It is also stated to be operable without a mains power source for over 24 hours by using available systems like car batteries
- Designer tested
- Because it is essential to keep neonates at a constant temperature, the device must regulate accurately and precisely to ensure infant safety. No known safety requirements are specified for this device.
mOm is intended to be used in conjunction with Kangaroo Mother Care (or skin-to-skin) to help keep hypothermic babies warm.
mOm aims to be initially regulated as a medical device in Europe with a CE Mark as a Class IIb device. Further regional approvals will be sought thereafter. Experts advise that the standards needed for compliance are CE Mark or FDA 510K – IEC 60601 for medical electronics which guides all medical equipment for CE mark, etc.
Lab testing included development of both an electronic prototype and an aesthetic/functional prototype. Testing revealed that the electronic prototype could maintain the correct environment for the child. The functional/aesthetic prototype showed that a new born could comfortably fit inside the incubator and all of the electronics used along with the inflatable material could be packaged away inside the casing ready for transport.
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