Updated on February 5, 2024


Created on September 10, 2018

Ndume Ndogo Air Seeder

Upcoming Update

The Ndume Ndogo Air Seeder is a non-conventional seed drill using a central pneumatic seed and fertilizer delivery system for faster planting and straightforward operations.

Tested By
  • Ndume Kenya Limited
Content Partners


Product Description

The Ndume Ndogo Air Seeder is a non-conventional seeder with no complex mechanical moving parts but instead uses a pneumatic seed and fertilizer delivery system for easier planting operations. It has one metering unit for sowing seeds and one metering unit for sowing fertilizer while the air is dispensed by a fan driven by the tractor PTO shaft. This dispensing system has no moving parts, therefore, reducing its chances of failure during operation.

Target SDGs

SDG 2: Zero Hunger

SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Market Suggested Retail Price


Target Users (Target Impact Group)

Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

The agricultural machinery manufacturer, distributing this product is Ndume Kenya Limited.

Manufacturing/Building Method

Batch production at their Ndume Limited factory in Kenya. Interview with representative The system is mounted on a three-point linkage system behind the seedbox and has a double-acting hydraulic ram that helps to lift and lower the cultivator. The external hydraulics is built in such a way that the tractor supplies power for the ram. The system can be disconnected from each other without a challenge.

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

Users can obtain the product from Ndume Kenya limited website or visit their factory premises in Kenya.

Distributions to Date Status

Approximately 100 machines. Interview with representative

Targeted crops

A variety of small seed crops such as wheat, barley, oats, sorghum, and rice.

Seed rate (kg/ha)


Feedstock rate (kg/hr)


Working width (m)


Seeding depth (cm)


Number of rows


Storage capacity (kg)


Portable or stationary?



2.75 m wide



Field coverage (ha/hr)

2 ha/hr (5 APH)

Weight (kg)


Power source

Manual. Air used in the system is provided by a fan driven by the tractor PTO shaft.

Power rating (W, if applicable)

22.371-44.742 kW with one double-acting spool valve.

Design Specifications

The design specifications of this product are detailed below:

  • Has one metering unit for seed and one for fertilizer; both are fluted roller types made of steel and run on sealed ball bearings.
  • The seed and fertilizer mechanisms are pneumatically operated by a fan driven by the tractor PTO shaft.
  • Digging is done using heavy-duty spring-loaded Suffolk colter knife openers.
  • Depth control is achieved by a spiral covering the rollers at the rear of the machine.
  • The mounting of the cultivator is on a 3-point linkage system behind the seedbox.
  • The lifting and lowering of the cultivator are by a double-acting hydraulic ram.
  • The ram is powered by the external hydraulics of the tractor.
  • The driving wheel for the metering units is specified to automatically lift off the tires and stop seeding when the cultivator is lifted out of the ground. The wheel re-engages ready for seeding when lowering the machine into the ground.

Product Schematics

Technical Support

Technical support is provided by the manufacturer through different means such as commissioning, written materials, field visits, spare parts, and stocks. Interview with representative

Replacement Components

Replacement components are available since manufacturing is almost 100% made of locally made materials thus allowing the immediate provision of spare parts.


Between 1 season and indefinite. All machines depend on the level of care and maintenance carried out by the User. The manufacturer has supplied spare parts for all their machines since 1959. Interview with representative

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

Specified performance targets:

  • No complex moving parts
  • Versatile - can dispense both seed and fertilizer

Vetted Performance Status

N/A Interview with representative


No specified safety precautions

Complementary Technical Systems

Ndume Kenya Limited has a range of complementary agricultural machinery products.

Academic Research and References

Andrii, Y., Lemiere, J.P., Frédéric, C., 2017, Influence of the divider head functioning conditions and geometry on the seed’s distribution accuracy of the air-seeder. Biosystems Engineering, 161, pp. 120-134.

Johnston, A.M., Stevenson, F.C., Wheat seeding rate for spread and distinct row seed placement with air seeders. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 81, pp. 885-890.

Dyck, F.B., et al., 1985, Automatic depth control for cultivators and air seeders developed under the AERD program. Conference and Exposition, American Society of Agricultural Engineers,  p. 265-276.

Compliance with regulations

Ndume Kenya Limited machines have been designed and manufactured in accordance to the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS). Interview with representative

Other Information

Ndume Kenya limited Facebook page. Product distributors Ndume Kenya Limited Targeted farmers for Air seeders Kenya's premier Agricultural Machinery Manufacturer Ndume Kenya limited website Product design specifications Product schematics are proprietary to the company. However, a spare part and user manual are provided with every machine purchased. Interview with representative

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