PowerPal T1 Turgo Micro-hydroelectric Generator
Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd.
Designed by PowerPal, the T1 Turgo is a micro-hydroelectric generator system consisting of a turbine with a generator attached.
The PowerPal T1 Turgo micro-hydroelectric generator has a power output range from 660 W to 2.0 kW depending on head and flow. It has twin nozzles and is fitted with a 1 kW capacity generator. All or part of the stream flow is diverted through a 12 cm diameter steel penstock pipe and down to the turbine. An electronic load controller controls the output voltage and frequency.
The PowerPal micro hydro turbines are manufactured to exacting standards in Vietnam under the supervision of Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd., a Canadian corporation.
PowerPal products located in 80 countries with a notable presence in Chile, New Zealand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, France, and Spain. Interview with representative
2,325 USD + shipping, Includes control box, an electronic load controller, and dump load. Interview with representativ
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy
A variety of users are targeted (schoolhouse, ecotourism resort, electrifying rural villages, old mill house, hostels, isolated holiday cabins) including not only Base of the Pyramid (BoP) users, but also those in developed countries, especially in Europe. Interview with representative
The PowerPal T1 is manufactured on an individual, per demand basis. Interview with representative
It is manufactured to exacting standards in Vietnam under the supervision of Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd., a Canadian corporation.
IP Protected. Interview with representative
PowerPal is a registered trademark of Asian Phoenix Resources LTD, Canada.
Distributors in the UK, France, Spain, Germany, Belgium, Finland, Philippines, Austrailia, SW Pacific Islands, Malaysia, South Africa, Costa Rica, Mexico, and available online through Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd. Interview with representative
8 to 10. Interview with representative
The output voltage (in terms of alternating current)
The minimum power output of the system
The maximum power output of the system
The output frequency of the generator in Hz
The minimum required head (in meters) to generate power
The minimum required flow rate (in L/s) to generate power
How many nozzles are in the system
The weight of the system
Whether the product is single or 3-phase
The PowerPal T1 Turgo manual lists its technical specifications:
• Rated power output: 1000 W, maximum allowable load: 1200 W
• Intended voltage: 220 VAC, frequency at rated power output: 50 – 65 Hz
• Frequency at runaway speed: 70 Hz, runaway speed: 1500 rpm
• Height: 600 mm
• Runner diameter: 270 mm
• Weight: 46 kg
• Turbine runner type: Turgo
• Number of buckets: 20, number of nozzles: 1
• Generator: 3 phase induction motor converted to single-phase
• Generator insulation: Class B
• Protection Grade: IP54
• Load controller circuit breaker: 5.0 A
• Turbine bearing size: SKF 7209B, Seal Size: 42 X 62 X 10 mm
• Recommended cable: 4 mm2
• Operating temperature: 5 – 50 °C
• Operating humidity: 0 – 90 %
Each Powerpal comes with an installation & maintenance manual, although sufficient knowledge of electrical and plumbing systems is required. PowerPal service technicians are available through distributors.
Need to be shipped from the factory in Vietnam. If needed, contact PowerPal representative or the manager of the factory in Hanoi, Vietnam. Interview with representative
1-year warranty against faulty workmanship that commences upon installation. Interview with representative
Shown in the image and available via the distributor’s website.
Testing performed by the manufacturer determined the output range of 660 W – 1000 W as indicated in the manual, however, no third-party testing has been completed.
No third-party organizations, only testing performed by the designer at the manufacturing laboratory before shipping. Interview with representative
There are significant hazards related to both the installation & operation of this product if installed incorrectly. Electrocution is a threat when installing the system, higher than rated power outputs are possible under conditions of higher water head, which can lead to electrical fires.
The following safety factors are taken from the Powerpal T1 and T2 Hydro manual:
Can be combined with irrigation systems.
Meier, T., Fischer, G (2011). Assessment of the pico and micro-hydro power market in Rwanda [Internet]. Switzerland; 2011 Dec.
Paish, O., Green, J., The pico hydro market in Vietnam [Internet]. Chineham, Hampshire, UK.
Taylor, S.D.B., Fuentes, M., Green, J., Rai, K .Stimulating the market for pic-hydro in Ecuador [Internet]. Chineham, Hampshire, UK; [cited 2015 Jun 28].
EU standards are followed, but not disclosed. Interview with representative
No details about the testing methods were provided, although results were available via email. Interview with representative
The manual for just the T1 Turgo (without the T2) can be found here, but a sign up is required.
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