Updated on January 15, 2024


Created on October 11, 2021

ECOLOO’s ECO BASIC toilet facilities

Upcoming Update

A waterless, decentralized, biological toilet system capable of producing organic fertilizer.

Developed By
  1. Ecoloo
Tested By
  • Ecoloo
  • Thüringer Umweltinstitut Henterich GmbH
Content Partners


Product Description

The ECOLOO is a decentralized, biological toilet system that is high capacity, odor-free, water-free, sewage-free, energy-free, and chemical-free capable of producing organic fertilizer.

The ECO BASIC model can be adapted for both indoor and outdoor use. There are several models available which are suitable for various permanent or temporary settings like homes (ECO DELUXE), schools (ECO BASIC and ECO CLASSIC), or disaster relief (ECO TENT).

Each ECOLOO system includes a one-year supply of bacterial culture, ventilation fan, ventilation pipe, toilet seat, toilet lid, dry flush, and starter bed pack.

1,500 to 3,000 USD per unit, depending on the model and accessories required. Interview with representative in 2021

Additional recurring annual cost of  60 – 120 USD per box for a one-year supply of bacterial culture.

Target SDGs

SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

Market Suggested Retail Price


Target Users (Target Impact Group)

Household, Community, Public Sector Agencies

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

ECOLOO and local distributors in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Jordan, Pakistan, Egypt, Lebanon, and Germany.

Manufacturing/Building Method

Manufacturing is based in Malaysia and then exported to international customers. Interview with representative in 2021

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

From ECOLOO and program partner distributors (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Jordan, Pakistan, Egypt, Lebanon, and Germany)

Distributions to Date Status

As of 2020, 2,500 ECOLOO facilities have been installed.

Design Specifications

ECO BASIC model:

Materials: Fiberglass Reinforced Panels (FRP) Components: toilet seat, toilet lid, dry flush, wind ventilation fan, and drop bed. Weight: 90 kg Dimensions: 1100 mm (W) x 750 mm (H) x 1350 mm (L) Capacity: 450 L for solids & 250 L for liquids Accommodates up to 15 visits per hour (or 200+ visits per day).

The system uses a dry flush, so water use is only required for diluting the urine by-product to produce the usable fertilizer and optional hygiene additions. No energy is required but there is the option to include solar panels to assist with lighting. The system relies on a decentralized biological treatment system using aerobic digestion which requires microbes to process the human waste. The bacterial cultures should be added monthly. A 2-tier box is used where the upper box receives both urine and feces but contains good bacteria and an organic filter. The lower box contains the treated urine and is equipped with a special indicator and outlet for the user to drain the fertilizer. Urine undergoes nitrification and is transformed into organic fertilizer that can be sold and used for agricultural applications. These processes happen within the ECOLOO systems, therefore, requiring no additional treatment. The bacteria break down the solid waste within 4-7 days and the production of the liquid fertilizer can be achieved within 1-2 hours which the concentrated product must then be diluted with water at a 1:10 dilution ratio. The ECO CLASSIC model includes a structure to place over the ECO BASIC model. The structure can be easily assembled and is made up of light composite insulated panels that include a door and roof. The dimensions of the structure are 1100 mm (W) x 2200 mm (H) x 1350 mm (L).  

Product Schematics

Technical Support

From nearest local distributors.

Replacement Components

60 - 120 USD per box for a one-year supply of bacterial culture.



Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

Social benefits:

  • Reduce extreme poverty (local job creation for production, installation, and maintenance as well as opportunity to earn income on the sale of fertilizer)
  • Dignity of women
  • Improve health and hygiene
Environmental benefits:
  • Reduced water consumption (due to no flushing)
  • Reduction of energy use (no pumping or additional treatment required)
  • Promotes use of organic fertilizer (minimizing the use of chemical fertilizers)

Vetted Performance Status

ECOLOO is in compliance with World Bank and UNDP Standards. The Analysis report shows the results from various locations and organizations of the product testing and effluent analysis, which meet the NEMA and the World Bank standards. ECOLOO products (including the bacterial cultures and fertilizer by-products) have been fully tested and certified in various countries for both human health and environmental risks. The bacterial culture comes with a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) which has been approved by microbial experts in the USA. Overall, the toilet systems have performed as expected when used properly and the FRP material has been durable throughout all kinds of weather condintions. Issues arise only from misuse when the addition of chemicals/detergents are added which affect the bacterial cultures. Interview with representative in 2021


Possible hazards include unsanitary latrine emptying or structural failure - the manufacturer suggests using gloves to reduce risk.

Complementary Technical Systems

Optional additions to the toilet structure include Mechanical Waste Cover, Solar Panel & Lighting, Hand bidet, Hand grab, Toilet Paper Holder, Hand Sanitizer, and Fertilizer Pump.

Academic Research and References


Compliance with regulations

ECOLOO is in compliance with NEMA and World Bank Standards.

Evaluation methods

The product is evaluated for removal of pathogens.

Other Information

News article For additional details, view the Operation and Maintenance Manual. The Analysis report can be found in the ECOLOO website. A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) which has been approved by microbial experts in the USA can be found here.  

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