Updated on October 13, 2022


Created on June 10, 2016

Pivot Fuel

Upcoming Update

Pivot Works Ltd. converts human fecal sludge into solid fuel for powering local industries (cement and brick plants) in Kigali, Rwanda.

Developed By Unknown
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Product Description

Pivot fuel is a human waste derived granular solid biomass fuel intended for industrial applications. Pivot Works Ltd. is a start-up waste-to-energy company that converts human waste streams in large municipalities to a solid fuel through mechanical processes providing both an energy source and sanitation solution.

Pivot Works is located in Kigali, Rwanda.


Market Suggested Retail Price


Distributors / Implementing Organizations

Pivot Plant is the only distributor.

Manufacturing/Building Method

The fuel is created using three major processes: use of a belt filter, mechanical dewatering machine followed by greenhouses for solar drying, and a thermal dryer for sanitizing and homogenizing the form factor of the finished product. Human waste is brought to the processing site by vacuum trucks and stored in large holding tanks. Video of the manufacturing process in the Pivot Plant in Rwanda.

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

Users can obtain the product from the manufacturer.

Distributions to Date Status

50 tons as of June 2016 interview with representative

Material composition

Human waste

Higher heating value (MJ/kg)

18 MJ/kg

Types of primary pollutants


Design Specifications

A municipality of roughly 1 million persons is required to achieve workable economies of scale. Climate, alternative fuels access and market price, regulatory structure, and government interest are all components needed for success. The fuel produced is a granular solid biomass fuel.

Technical Support

Provided by the manufacturer.

Replacement Components

Single use product


No expiration date in optimal conditions. In very humid climates or situations where the fuel is exposed to and accumulates moisture, there is a potential for fuel ignition.

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

- Calorific value of 16 - 22 MJ/kg - Density of 400 - 500 kg/m3

Vetted Performance Status

Local and international labs performed tests for energy content, volatile solids content, ash content, pathogens and metals. These results can be made available to anyone interested in purchasing Pivot Works fuel.


Keep fuel in a dry and cool environment to prevent spontaneous combustion. Proper silos for storage should be installed to ensure safe conditions.

Complementary Technical Systems

Human waste collection and transportation systems and furnace systems for fuel combustion.

Academic Research and References

Diener, S., Semiyaga, S., Niwagaba, C. B., Muspratt, A. M., Gning, J. B., Mbéguéré, M., … Strande, L. (2014). A value proposition: Resource recovery from faecal sludge—Can it be the driver for improved sanitation? Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 88, 32–38.

Muspratt, A. M., Nakato, T., Niwagaba, C., Dione, H., Kang, J., Stupin, L., … Strande, L. (2014). Fuel potential of faecal sludge: calorific value results from Uganda, Ghana and Senegal. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 4(2), 223–230.

Compliance with regulations


Other Information

Learn more about Pivot Works here.

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