Updated on August 24, 2019


Created on September 30, 2018

S.P.U.D. Toilet

Upcoming Update

The S.P.U.D. toilet is a solar powered, urine diverting toilet.

Developed By Unknown
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Product Description

The S.P.U.D. toilet, produced by African Sanitation Outsourcing, is a self-contained urine-diverting unit.  The toilet is solar powered to dry and process the waste anaerobically, and composts waste to be disposed of by users.

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

The toilet is produced and sold by African Sanitation Outsourcing.

Manufacturing/Building Method

The toilet components are manufactured using plastic injection molding, and the manufacturer has a production capacity of 20.000 units per month.

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

The toilets are sold by the manufacturer directly to user, who install the units themselves.

Distributions to Date Status

One thousand toilets have been distributed across 5 South African provinces.

Toilet type


Evacuation method


Storage conditions

Container storage

Capacity (L)


Time until emptying

4 weeks composting process

Design Specifications

The S.P.U.D. toilet was designed and tested over six years to meet users' needs in a water-stressed environment. The toilets compost waste and were designed to be manufactured locally with plastic injection molding.

Technical Support

The manufacturer provides a cleaning, maintenance and reporting service contract which services toilets monthly for approximately 70 USD per month.

Replacement Components

Replacement components are available for sale, and are covered under a 12-month warranty.



Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

The toilet was designed to meet performance targets related to water consumption, functionality independent of sewage infrastructure, and cost of toilet services for users experiencing poverty and unemployment.

Vetted Performance Status

The S.P.U.D. toilet performance meets ISO requirements for a quality management system.


The main sanitary concern with a urine-diverting toilet is if the urine separator becomes contaminated with fecal matter, it must be cleaned by the user to function properly. This would involve users coming into contact with unsanitary waste.

Complementary Technical Systems

The toilet is integrated with 2 complimentary systems: a 9kW 3-phase electric battery system and a JORA 500 composting machine, which together further enhance the composting process.

Academic Research and References


Compliance with regulations

The toilet meets international standard ISO 9001:2000, related to regulatory requirements and customer satisfaction.

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