Distributors / Implementing Organizations
The toilet is produced and sold by African Sanitation Outsourcing.
The toilet components are manufactured using plastic injection molding, and the manufacturer has a production capacity of 20.000 units per month.
Intellectural Property Type
User Provision Model
The toilets are sold by the manufacturer directly to user, who install the units themselves.
Distributions to Date Status
One thousand toilets have been distributed across 5 South African provinces.
Time until emptying
4 weeks composting process
The S.P.U.D. toilet was designed and tested over six years to meet users' needs in a water-stressed environment. The toilets compost waste and were designed to be manufactured locally with plastic injection molding.
Replacement components are available for sale, and are covered under a 12-month warranty.
Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters
The toilet was designed to meet performance targets related to water consumption, functionality independent of sewage infrastructure, and cost of toilet services for users experiencing poverty and unemployment.
Vetted Performance Status
The main sanitary concern with a urine-diverting toilet is if the urine separator becomes contaminated with fecal matter, it must be cleaned by the user to function properly. This would involve users coming into contact with unsanitary waste.
Complementary Technical Systems
The toilet is integrated with 2 complimentary systems: a 9kW 3-phase electric battery system and a JORA 500 composting machine, which together further enhance the composting process.