African Sanitation Outsourcing
The S.P.U.D. toilet is a solar powered, urine diverting toilet.
The toilet is produced and sold by African Sanitation Outsourcing.
Similar products available in South Africa such as the Amalooloo urine diversion system.
Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation
Designed at a household scale, target users are families of 4-6 people.
The toilet components are manufactured using plastic injection molding, and the manufacturer has a production capacity of 20.000 units per month.
The toilets are sold by the manufacturer directly to user, who install the units themselves.
One thousand toilets have been distributed across 5 South African provinces.
Type of toilet
Method of evacuation
How the fecal sludge is stored
The holding volume of the containment
Time until emptying is estimated to be needed
The S.P.U.D. toilet was designed and tested over six years to meet users’ needs in a water-stressed environment. The toilets compost waste and were designed to be manufactured locally with plastic injection molding.
Replacement components are available for sale, and are covered under a 12-month warranty.
The toilet was designed to meet performance targets related to water consumption, functionality independent of sewage infrastructure, and cost of toilet services for users experiencing poverty and unemployment.
The main sanitary concern with a urine-diverting toilet is if the urine separator becomes contaminated with fecal matter, it must be cleaned by the user to function properly. This would involve users coming into contact with unsanitary waste.
The toilet is integrated with 2 complimentary systems: a 9kW 3-phase electric battery system and a JORA 500 composting machine, which together further enhance the composting process.
The toilets are evaluated visually by the manufacturer each month during the service visit to households.
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