Updated on March 11, 2024

·

Created on June 7, 2020

Vivienda Social Rural FNH

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Social housing typology for rural areas in Chile.

Developed By Unknown
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Author

Product Description

The Vivienda Social Rural FNH is a social housing model for rural areas in Chile. The basic model of the house is 50 m² and was designed for between 3-5 people. The program of the house includes up to 3 bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom, and a combined living and dining area.

Target Users (Target Impact Group)

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

This product was designed by a team lead by Mauricio Lama Kuncar (architect) and Waldo Bustamante (engineer) and formed by different collaborators (Pierre Lavigne, Alejandro Armstrong, Matias Bucci, Pablo Peñalosa, and Luis Codoceo). The product was implemented by the Chilean NGO Fundacion Nuestros Hijos.

Manufacturing/Building Method

The houses were built in the Chilean towns of Gultro and Lolol in the O'Higgins Region. The building method was onsite.

Intellectural Property Type

Select Type

User Provision Model

The School of Architecture at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile built the houses and the Fundacion Nuestros Hijos distributed them to families that lost their homes during the 2010 earthquake in Chile

Distributions to Date Status

The School of Architecture at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile built three houses in 2010 with funds from the Chilean NGO Fundacion Nuestros Hijos. Interview with designer

Unique Design (Yes/No)

Yes

Intended number of occupants (#)

3-5 occupants

Duration of construction (days)

30 days

Footprint area (m²)

50 m²

Number of storeys

1

Material composition

Foundation and plate base of reinforced concrete. Exterior walls composed of several materials including: a) pinewood structural frame of elements with dimension 100 x 25 mm; b) interior gypsum board of 10 mm; c) vapor barrier sheet material; d) 50 mm thickness insulation material; e) water barrier felt fabric; d) wood fiber board; e) 50 mm air gap; and f) fiber cement siding. Roof system composed of several materials including: a) pinewood rafters structure; b) interior gypsum board 10 mm; b) 100 mm thickness insulation material; c) water barrier felt fabric; d) 75 mm air gap; e) 10 mm OSB board; and f) galvanized steel roof panels.

Flammable flash point temperature (ºC)

Unknown

Thermal insulating capacity (m²*K/W)

Exterior walls: 0.73 W/m²

Roof: 0.58 W/m²

Maximum wind speed (km/h)

Unknown

Structural Occupancy Category

II

Seismic Design Category

Unknown

Suitable Climates

Mediterranean temperate climate

Design Specifications

This is a social housing typology for rural areas in Chile. The house model is 50 m² and it was designed for a family with 3-5 members. Considering the local climate, the bedrooms and living room are oriented to North. The service areas, kitchen and restroom are oriented to South. All windows and doors are in the North and South facades. The East and West facades of the house do not have windows, to save energy. The material selection criteria sought to employ nonvolatile organic compounds to protect children with cancer living in the house. The exterior high-performance exterior walls and roof work as protection for indoor climate control.

Product Schematics

Technical Support

The manufacturer provided technical support during the first six months after the construction of the house. The users maintain the house on their own after that.

Replacement Components

Replacement components for different parts of the house can be found in the local market.

Lifecycle

20-30 years

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

The type of design used for the exterior walls and roof allows to maintain the thermal comfort of interior spaces according to local climate, and to reduce the demand for electrical energy for heating.

Vetted Performance Status

No testing performed by a third party is known; however, testing performed by the producer using a temperature data logger determined that indoor temperature is 10 ºC above exterior temperature in winter and 10 ºC below in summer.

Safety

No known safety hazards are related to this product

Complementary Technical Systems

None

Academic Research and References

None

Compliance with regulations

None

Other Information

None

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