ADRA Cold Climate Biodigester
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)
The Cold Climate Biogas Plant was designed by the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) to operate in harsh climates that would incapacitate traditional plants. The digester is a fixed dome, in-ground concrete design and is part of a larger system that includes a greenhouse. The system is low cost and built for households in developing countries.
North Korea, Nepal, Mongolia, Buthan, northern China, the Caucasus region and the east block countries.
ADRA has lead the Thermal Institute of the Austrian National Academy of Sciences in the development and implementation of the product. The academy has promoted and replicated the design throughout the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea (North Korea). Other NGOs also develop the plant in Nepal and Afghanistan including the UNDP.
Basic Biogas Plant: $500 – 800 USD depending on local prices for a 5 m3 system Interest-free loans are available through ADRA for very cold climates. In many cases the construction material is provided by ADRA or through a government agency. Typically, the beneficiary contributes the labor for the project and ADRA provides the training and instructional materials. Users receive assistance from ADRA during the process where needed.
Trained individuals, households and private enterprises are the target users.
Open source. Interview with representative
The product is supplied throughout North Korea (DPRK) through ADRA and the National Academy of Sciences. Advertising of the design is performed online and through DPRK newspapers. Interview with representative
As of July 2016, ADRA has constructed roughly 10 systems and the UNDP has constructed over 100 systems. Systems constructed by other entities are known to exist but have not been quantified.
The system is designed for use in a greenhouse. The greenhouse has a footprint of 35 m2 and the digester has a volume of 5 m3.
For gas production, about 0.16 m3 of anaerobic matter needs to be supplied to the plant. To properly produce heat, aerobic matter must be replaced at a rate of 5.65 m3 every three months. The plant can store 0.5 m3 of gas, requiring a plastic bag to capture the total 3-5 m3 of gas that the plant produces daily. Interview with representative
ADRA provides support. Interview with representative
Replacement components are available. Interview with representative
10 years or more depending on the level of maintenance
- Operable at temperatures as low as -15 °C (with greenhouse), gas output 4-9 m3/day, aerobic heating system 30-65 °C, anaerobic process <25 °C, system can digest human, animal, and organic waste.
Average daily biogas production 3-5 m3/ day. Design evaluated by NOVA Energy, Switzerland. Interview with representative
NOVA Energy, Switzerland. Interview with representative
Extreme caution is necessary when working with biogas. Adequate ventilation, appropriate precautions, good work practices, and adequate personal protective equipment will minimize the dangers associated with biogas. Wherever possible, digester-associated tasks and maintenance should be performed without anyone having to enter confined spaces, including pits.
Biogas use products are available on the market including: stoves, commercial burners, water heaters and gen-sets.
- Academic research: Reed, E.P., Unlikely partners in the quest for juche: humanitarian aid agencies in north korea. Paper presented at: Towards a Peaceful Resolution with North Korea Conference; 2004 February 12-13; Washington D.C. Sin, H.Y., Heo, E., Yi, S.K., Kim, J., South Korean citizens preferences on renewable energy support and cooperation policy for North Korea. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews. 2010 Jun;14(5):1379-1389.
None. Design is adapted and adjusted to local standards in each country. No applicable international standards exist. Interview with representative
Feasability study by ADRA. Interview with representative
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