G2E Biomass Gasification Plant
Green to Energy
G2E transforms biomass waste and provides a gasification technology solution to industrial and rural communities across Mexico.
G2E provides a gasification technology solution for rural communities, in the form of biomass gasification plants which have a generation capacity of 15 kW up to 2 MW.
The purpose of the biomass gasification plant is not only to produce electrical energy but to polygenerate and produce electricity, heat and gas. During the power generation process, there is the possibility to produce biochar as an alternate product. Biochar is composed of 80% carbon and can be used for soil enhancement. Biochar is a way to fix CO2 in soil for hundreds of years, therefore it is a carbon-negative energy. (Watch an introduction video to biochar.)
G2E adapts the solution to the customers’ needs and to the biomass that is available. G2E has a biomass gasification demonstration center in Mexico City, with 4 gasifiers with different features to evaluate/compare technological and energy performance of different biomass feedstocks and technology modifications.
Green to Energy is located in Mexico City, Mexico.
G2E (Green To Energy)
Each solution is adapted to the user and the biomass used. Biomass plants can range from 60,000 USD to 1,000,000 USD. Interview with representative
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy
Target users are rural communities and industries with biomass waste in Mexico. One biomass plant is needed per village. Interview with representative
The technology is being produced in Asia. For the demonstration center, the four gasifiers were manufactured in India (2), China (1) and the United States.
G2E is a licensed distributor for all the biomass plants. However, G2E improves the plants using their expertise, making possible the use of various types of residual biomass. Interview with representative
As of July 2016, G2E plans to produce products in Mexico. Interview with representative
The manufacturers have patents for the biomass plants, and G2E is a licensed distributor. Interview with representative
Users can contact G2E to get information, advice, and support.
For rural areas, G2E relies on subsidies to install the product. For businesses, they evaluate the point of profit of the technology, depending on the type of plant and biomass used. Interview with representative
As of July 2016, there are three projects in Mexico. Customers include three corn seed producers and one tequila distillery.
Watch the demonstration centers with the 4 gasifiers in Mexico City.
The manufacturer-specified power rating
The form of the output energy, either mechanical, thermal, or electrical
The biomass that can be used with this product, such as wood, agricultural waste, food waste, etc.
The amount of biomass required per hour of operation
What else is needed, such as fuel, electricity, etc.
For all the inputs listed above, the amount required per hour
The type of combustor, such as gasifier, underfeed stokers, fluidized bed boilers, etc.
The efficiency when converting biomass into energy
The emissions of the system
The dimensions of the system (ie: 3 x 2 x 4 m)
The biomass demonstration center consists of 4 gasifiers with different primary fuel and technology modifications. Two of them are manufactured in India: combo-40 and PG-45. The center also carries auxiliary equipment for the preparation of biomass, consisting of pre-treatment equipment including driers and compactors for briquetting as well as water scrubbing for the cleaning of synthesis gases (one of the gasification technologies) and a motor with internal combustion, loaned by the company Cummins.
Among the several types of biomass residues tested, corn cob and coconut have proven to be more efficient. They do not require pre-treatment and produce high-quality gas that does not need scrubbing. Interview with representative
Schematic of the G2E Biomass Gasification Plant (can vary depending on type of primary fuel used and technology modifications made).
G2E provides support to the users Interview with representative
G2E provides replacement parts Interview with representative
Designer specified performance targets include affordable and modular.
Testing has been conducted by the manufacturer. No third party testing has been completed.
There are some potential dangers operating the biomass plant: noise, hazardous waste material disposal, voltage.
Testing was completed by the manufacturer at their demonstration center in Mexico City to determine conversion efficiency of different materials.
The offices and warehouses were built based on containers and recycled material, with the idea of matching the use of “material” of little value. The office has a classroom-auditorium for dissemination and training.
More photos of Biochar, used to capture CO2:
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