NETPRO biomass plant
D.E.S.I. Power & NetPro Renewable
Biomass Gasification Power Plant with an output capacity of 20 kWe to 1.2 MW.
Organizations: DESI Power, DASAG Energy Engineering, Government of India and TARA (Technology for Action and Rural Advancement), Village EmPower Partnership Programme and Smart Power for Environmentally and Economically Sound Development (SPEED)
CDF report (2011), claims costs of $55,151 for 75kWe plant.
Investment requirements listed by DESI: Rs. 4,000,000 (US$ 100,000) per 50 kW plant. DESI’s installations typically cost $200,000 USD, 60% of which pays for the plant, 30% for enterprise development, and 10% for capacity building and training. DESI’s optimal investment structure is a 50% equity base, a 10% subsidy it automatically receives from the Indian government for delivering renewable energy, and a 40% loan which is paid back over 7 years.
There is a breakdown per Liter / power output on Netpro website.
Flexi Biogas; Husk Power Systems; Simgas, TINY Tech biogas plant
Target users are off-grid communities (households) and in particular the micro-enterprises & industries in Bihar and across rural India that need electricity.
Plants are designed and built individually depending on demand: fabricated by Netpro.
IP Protected (Patent Unknown)
14 (as of August 29, 2012, with goals to be implemented in 1000 villages beyond 2014)
Plant type: Biomass Gasification
Preferred biomass species: Ipomia, casurina, wood chips rice husk briquettes
Biomass dimensions: 6 x 2 x 2 cm or less
Netpro provides the following services:
• Supervision for Construction and Erection
• Support for Plant Commissioning
• Training of employees for Operation and Maintenance
• Guidance for Energy Plantation
Avg. DESI Power Raw Material Consumption/Hour = 50-70 kg (75kWe plant)
Capital costs for a plant of 50 KWe capacity is $1400/KW (2007 numbers)
CDF Report examines DESI and Husk Power in: Technology Type, Area and End-User profile, Cost of Establishment and Operations, Feedstock Supply Chain, Distribution and Revenue Collection, Pricing Strategy and Managment Team and Man Power. They conclude that both systems/ organizations have advantages as the focus on slightly different clients, financing, structure and type of biomass used. The biggest comparison financially is that the minimum monthly payment required for electricity from DESI Power plant is approximately Rs. 100 – In contrast, a household in a village where Husk Power Systems operates can get the same amount of electricity for half that price.
Other reports/ organizations (Rockefeller and Gates Foundation) appear to focus even more on financial benefits of the decentralized energy system, i.e. cost per kW/h, not on all of the details of technical performance or a particular location/system.
The CDF report (Center for Development Finance and IFMR Trust) examined DESI Power operations at Baharbari, Bebhra, Gaiyari in Araria district.
There can be dangers operating a biogas systems during the operation of machinery, the event of a malfunction (voltage, handling Hydrogen and carbon-monoxide), and in handing residue/by-products.
Increasing efficiency and versatility of biomass energy consumption, or pairing biomass with PV and/or Wind to optimize energy production.
Kohli, S. and Ravi M.R. (2003), Biomass gasification for rural electrification: prospects and challenges. SESI Journal, 13(1 and 2) pp 83-102.
Joyeeta Gupta, Harro van Asselt and Pieter van Beukering, Ed, (2006). Pilot Projects in the Climate Change Regime and Sustainable Development. IVM. Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit. A Report commissioned by: Policy and Operations Evaluation Department (IOB), Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Hague, The Netherlands.
F. G. M. Ermers, (2007). Biomass gasifier applications in rural India –
Past experiences and future plans reviewed. Master thesis for Technology & Policy, Faculty of Technology Management University ofTechnology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
Evaluation method by (2011) CDF Report which examined DESI and Husk Power looked at: Technology Type, Area and End-User profile, Cost of Establishment and Operations, Feedstock Supply Chain, Distribution and Revenue Collection, Pricing Strategy and Management Team and Man Power.
In terms of technology development/testing it appears the evaluation is done through NetPro and DESI. The evaluation methods in general appear to be very focused on financial analysis of power outputs, hours of electricity provided and entrepreneurial opportunities. Pages on DESI/ NetPro site have cost breakdowns, and report by Gates’ Foundation (donor to SPEED which DESI is part of) also talk mainly of this cost-benefit.
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