Namibia Bicycle Ambulance
Bicycling Empowerment Network Namibia
The Bicycling Empowerment Network (BEN) Namibia Bicycle Ambulance is a bicycle or hand-pulled ambulance, consisting of a stretcher on wheels that attaches to regular bicycles to provide a method of transport for the ill and in cases of emergency.
Bicycling Empowerment Network (BEN) Namibia with the support from the IBIS project, Yelula, and in partnership with Design for Development and healthcare Community Based Organizations in Namibia.
PFD Taxi Service, Zambulance (both marketed in different countries)
Goal #3: Good Health and Well-Being
HIV/AIDS Home Based Care workers, HIV/AIDS self help projects, communities, clinics, and hospitals with limited or no other transport options seeking to transport mobility-compromised patients such as pregnant women, HIV/AIDS patients, etc….especially in the case of emergencies.
Manually manufactured on-demand in BEN Namibia’s workshop in Windhoek.
BEN designs, manufactures and delivers the ambulances directly to the organizations wishing to use them. BEN provide the ambulances through projects in partnership with other organizations and donors to communities with a need, along with training, monitoring, and ongoing support. BEN Namibia directly connects communities with sponsors, to facilitate project ownership and community buy-in.
Over 100 between 2006-2012.
BEN provides on-site delivery training and ongoing field support to organizations that will use the ambulances.
While BEN provides ongoing field support, it is not clear whether it includes necessary replacement components.
BEN aims to improve access to healthcare via this technology.
The ambulance has the potential to fall over if the terrain is too rough for travel, which could cause the patient harm.
Bicycling Empowerment Network Namibia has distributed thousands of bicycles, which are much better at transporting the patients than pulling the carts by hand. It is heavily suggested that the bicycles are used to pull the patients, which will decrease the strain on the transporter and significantly decrease travel time.
How many patients can be transported per trip
Nicholl, J., West, J., Goodacre, S., Turner, J., The relationship between distance to hospital and patient mortality in emergencies: an observational study. Emergency Medicine Journal. 2007 Sep;24(9):665-668.
Razzak, J. A., Kellermann, A. L., Emergency medical care in developing countries: is it worthwhile? Bull World Health Organ. 2002 Nov;80(11):900-905.
Kobusingye, O.C., et al., Emergency medical systems in low- and middle- income countries: recommendations for action. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Aug;83(8):626-631.
Macintyre, K., Hotchkiss, D.R., Referral revisited: community financing schemes and emergency transport in rural Africa. Social Science & Medicine. 1999 Dec;49(11):1473-1487.
Fourneir, P., Dumont, A., Tourigny, C., Dunkley, G., Drame, S., Improved access to comprehensive emergency obstetric care and its effect on institutional maternal mortality in rural Mali. Bull World Health Organ. 20009 Jan;87(1):30-38.
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