Safe Haven Bathhouse
The Safe Heaven Bathhouse was designed by TYIN Architects for the Safe Haven Orphanage in Thailand. They built on top of an existing structure that was already in place.
The Safe Haven Bathhouse was designed by TYIN and built to accommodate the needs of the Safe Haven Orphanage. In that climate, it is important for small children to be hygienic to prevent diseases. With the help of local workers, the bathhouse was built in two weeks. It has an area for toilets, showering, washing clothes and a washing room. Buried pipes take away the sewage, which is dealt with on-site. The floors are made of gravel and stones that drain the water and do not need much maintenance. The design is adapted to the local Karen culture.
*Please note that building designs are being included as “products” in the Habitat Sector of the Solutions Library to allow readers to learn from how projects were designed and constructed and how they are serving the occupants, whether effective or ineffective.
22500NOK ($2,691.00 USD as of August 2018)
The old bathhouse had concrete floors and was closed off and dark. It could have been rebuilt with different building materials.
Goal 6 and 11: Aims to offer a more affordable and sanitary building.
Staff and children at the Safe Heaven Orphanage.
The building was constructed on site with local workers and materials. The materials are locally sourced or transported from Mae Sot.
Building designs generally fall under architectural copyright.
TYIN designed the project specifically for the orphanage.
N/A because the Safe Haven Bathhouse is a unique building design.
Indication of whether design can be replicated in multiple locations
Number of individuals. 1 family = 5 persons.
Number of days from start of construction to completion
Surface area of footprint
Number of occupiable floors (ground floor only = 1)
Composite estimated R-value
As calculated by designer
As calculated by designer
Based upon primary structural system as per the International Building Code
Based upon Structural Occupancy Category and soil conditions of site; as per the International Building Code
List of suitable climates for use of this design
The toilets (two pits and a western toilet) are within two concrete masses. In the middle, there are concrete containers for washing in semi-privacy, as is customary in the Karen culture. The facade is a bamboo screen on an angle, providing wall and roof in a passageway created beneath it. The sewage is handled on-site and incorporates a drainage system for rainwater.
The bathhouse was built using local labour, so these craftsmen could give support if needed.
The bamboo shingles can be individually replaced. More gravel can be added if needed. All of the materials can be obtained locally.
Designer specified performance targets include: privacy, sanitation, natural daylight, and durability.
Given the small scale of the project, it is likely structural engineering was not needed. It is unknown as to whether a civil engineer contributed to the sewage and drainage scheme.
During construction, the user is subjected to the associated risks including sharp tools, heavy objects, and heights.
A solar lighting system could be added so the bathhouse so that it can be more easily used after dark.
It is likely that Thailand is not enforcing specific regulations in regards to the construction of this type of building.
The design was created in consultation with the client.
TYIN designed and built a library for the orphanage simultaneously.
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