Updated on January 24, 2024


Created on September 2, 2021

Splash Stations

Splash stations are child-friendly handwashing and drinking stations that provide safe, clean water

Developed By
  1. Splash
Tested By
  • National Sanitation Foundation (NSF)
Content Partners


Product Description

The Splash handwashing and drinking stations are stations built to provide safe, clean water to children in schools and low-resource institutions. The triangular handwashing stations are orange, while the drinking stations are blue for easy differentiation. They are distributed by a subsidiary of Splash International, known as Splash Social Enterprises.

Target SDGs

SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being

Market Suggested Retail Price


Target Users (Target Impact Group)


Distributors / Implementing Organizations

This product is distributed by Splash Social Enterprises (SSE).

Competitive Landscape

Direct competitors include Envirosan EazyWash 2L Handwashing Unit and TippyTap.

Manufacturing/Building Method

This product is mass produced in India and China.

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

This product is distributed by Splash Social Entreprises (SSE), who sell stations to governments, non-profits, and multilateral organizations. The handwashing and drinking stations are expected to be available for purchase around the world.

Distributions to Date Status

As of 2021, 3000 handwashing and drinking stations have been distributed across Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Kolkata, India Interview with manufacturer

Description of the combined methods

Mesh strainer, Membrane filter, Carbon filter

Manufacturer-specified water treatment rate (L/hr)

1800 L/hr

Bacteria reduction

6 log

Virus reduction


Protozoa reduction


Heavy metals and/or arsenic reduction


Maximum recommended influent turbidity level (NTU)

11 NTU

Effluent turbidity levels (NTU)

< 0.5 NTU

Safe water storage capacity (L)


Manufacturer-specified lifetime volume (L)




Design Specifications

The handwashing and drinking stations are designed to be triangular to allow children to see one another and interact while washing their hands side by side. To differentiate the stations, the drinking stations are blue and the handwashing stations are orange. The orange handwashing stations have shallow basins to discourage accidental drinking of the non-potable water, while the blue drinking stations have deeper basins to allow filling of water bottles up to 1.5 liters. The drinking stations also include a water fountain on the right side for children who may not have water bottles. The water is filtered using the Antunes water filtration system.

Product Schematics

Technical Support

The stations are equipped with a basic spare parts kit and instructional materials for installation, operation and maintenance. Splash Social Enterprise provides customized technical support as needed. Interview with manufacturer

Replacement Components

The carbon filter for the Antunes water filtration system is to be replaced annually, and the ultrafilter is to be replaced once every three years.


The product includes a one year warranty.

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters

Designer specific performance targets include: durable, child-appropriate, and low maintenance.

Vetted Performance Status

The Antunes water filtration system is tested and certified by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) for turbidity, cyst, and particulate class one reduction.


The Antunes water filtration system should be protected from drying out due to direct sunlight, high temperatures, abrupt temperature changes, and abrasive materials.

Complementary Technical Systems

A bypass kit allows water to be supplied while maintenance is being performed.

Academic Research and References

“Splash,” Splash.org. Available: https://splash.org/our-work 

“Splash,” Splash.org. Available: https://splash.org/social-enterprises 

Goal 6. (n.d.). Sdgs.un.org. Available: https://sdgs.un.org/goals/goal6

Splash.org. Available: https://splash.org/assets/docs/2019-Splash-Social-Enterprises-Annual-Report.pdf 

N. Ellington et al., “Hand washing station,” D892283:S1, 04-Aug-2020. https://patents.google.com/patent/USD892283S1

“Splash,” Artefact. Available: https://www.artefactgroup.com/case-studies/splash/ 

“Whole House Treatment System, Model VZN-521H,” Antunes Water. Available: https://www.antuneswater.com/collections/vzn/products/vzn-521h?variant=31991956373619 

The product includes a one year warranty. Available: https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0270/7098/8403/files/Limited_Warranty_and_Limitation_of_Liability_c4972f91-3d03-487b-ac54-908d3ca4ae29.pdf?v=1600967109 

NSF, “The Public Health and Safety Organization,” Nsf.org, 05-Feb-2020. Available: https://www.nsf.org/ 

Owner’s Manual, “Residential Water Filtration,” Shopify.com. Available: https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0270/7098/8403/files/Owner_s_Manual_-_VZN_Models_-_521H_521HC_541H_541HC_541V_541VC.pdf?v=1599122179 

“Bypass Kit, VZN-521/541,” Antunes Water. Available: https://www.antuneswater.com/products/bypass-kit-vzn-521-541?variant=39264810762355 

“Splash,” Splash.org. Available: https://splash.org/our-work/water

Compliance with regulations

This product meets all WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality and is tested and certified by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) to meet Standard 42 and 53 for turbidity, cyst, and particulate class one reduction.

Evaluation methods

The product has been evaluated for turbidity, cyst, and particulate class one reduction by the National Sanitation Foundation.

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