Updated on February 26, 2024


Created on June 9, 2016

Bottle Bricks

Upcoming Update

Plastic Bottle Bricks consists of plastic bottles filled with compacted sand, plastics, or some other non-organic material to create a dense and strong brick used for construction.

Developed By Unknown
Tested By
  • Engineers Without Borders USA
Content Partners


Product Description

Plastic Bottle Bricks consists of plastic bottles filled with compacted sand, plastics, or some other non-organic material to create a dense and strong brick used for construction. An example of a website that shares information about this method of building is called Ecobricks.org.

Target SDGs

SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Market Suggested Retail Price


Target Users (Target Impact Group)

Household, Community, NGOs

Distributors / Implementing Organizations

Varies. No company distributes bottle bricks, since they are intended to be manufactured using local recycled materials. There are a few organizations (Growth International Volunteer Excursions, Ecobricks.org, Bottlebrick.com, and others) that have their own bottle brick projects in countries around the world.

Manufacturing/Building Method

Bottle bricks are individually manufactured by stuffing sand, recycled plastics or any other inorganic material that can be stuffed into each bottle and compressed inside the bottle with any solid pole or stick. It was developed to be built using locally available materials.

Intellectural Property Type


User Provision Model

A bottle brick can be created anywhere there are excess plastic bottles and sand, plastic waste or any other non-organic material that can be stuffed and compressed inside the bottle.

Distributions to Date Status


Thermal Insulation Capacity

It depends on which material is used to fill up the bottle and its size.
With sand, the R-value is 6.7.

Compressive Strength (MPa)

0.162 N/mm^2

Suitable Climates

Tropical, Arid, Temperate, Continental

Design Specifications

Bottle bricks can vary in size, even throughout a structure. The materials that can be stuffed inside the bottle should be an inorganic waste, such as plastic bags, plastic wrappers, plastic mesh, twist ties, etc. The bottles can also be filled with sand.

Product Schematics

Technical Support

Manufacturing a bottle brick is a simple process that can be taught to anyone, anywhere. Constructing with bottle bricks requires general brick construction knowledge. There are many different specific manuals available online.

Replacement Components



The lifetime of a bottle brick structure depends on the quality of the design and the construction methods used.

Manufacturer Specified Performance Parameters


Vetted Performance Status

Bottle Brick performance with and without sand is available from an Engineers Without Borders Report titled "Final Report - Plastic Bottle Bricks".


If the bottle bricks used in a structure are not dense enough, the structure will lose strength, and the building will have a higher risk of failure. Also, the construction method that incorporates the bottle bricks must ensure proper structural strength for the structure to remain standing.

Complementary Technical Systems

A bottle brick requires an adhesive substance (sand, cement, adobe, etc.) to hold the bricks together. Wooden beams, other bricks, and any other construction materials/methods can incorporate bottle bricks, even if the bottle bricks are not the main structural component.

Academic Research and References

Shoubi, M.V., Shoubi, M.V., Barough, A.S., Investigating the Application of Plastic Bottle as a Sustainable Material in the Building Construction [IJSETR]. Islamic Azad University; 2013 Jan;2(1) [cited 2016 Jul 15].

Kozlesky, J. A., Investigation of the Seismic Capacity of a School Built with Recycled Materials 2012 May. University of Toledo.

PLEA, 2015, Sustainable Materials: An empirical study on the thermal performance of plastic-bottle-walls, pages 7-8

“What are Ecobricks?”, Ecobricks.org, accessed on February 26, 2024, https://ecobricks.org/en/what.php

“How to Bottle Brick”, Eartbench, accessed on February 26, 2024, http://www.earthbench.org/how-to-bottle-brick.html

“Projects”, ECO-TEC, accessed on February 26, 2024, https://www.eco-tecnologia.com/projects


Compliance with regulations

N/A. There are no existing standards for using bottle bricks in construction.

Other Information

Extensive Instruction Manual on some basic rules and practices of constructing with bottle bricks. Growth International Volunteer Excursions    

Leave a Reply

Explore similar solutions


February 27, 2024

CalEarth SuperAdobe

Read Solution

Implemented by

California Institute of Earth Architecture (CalEarth)


February 29, 2024

EarthEnable Floors

Read Solution

Implemented by



February 29, 2024

BLM-12-8M by EarthTek Inc.

Read Solution

Implemented by

EarthTek Inc.


March 6, 2024


Read Solution

Implemented by



March 8, 2024


Read Solution

Implemented by



February 26, 2024


Read Solution

Implemented by

Grupo Ecoplasso


March 1, 2024

Interlocking Stabilized Soil Blocks (ISSB)

Read Solution


January 18, 2024

Styro-plastic Densifiers

Read Solution

Implemented by

Green Pavers


March 13, 2024


Read Solution

Implemented by

Mycotech Lab (MYCL)


March 14, 2024

Stramit Board

Read Solution

Implemented by

Straw Resource Ltd.

All Solutions

Contribute to E4C's Library of Breakthrough Sustainable Development Technology Solutions

Suggest A Solution

Get more information about Solutions Library and its features.

Learn More

Have thoughts on how we can improve?

Give Us Feedback

Join a global community of changemakers.

Become A Member